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Länderinformationen


Japan

Japan liegt im Pazifik vor den Küsten Russlands, Koreas und Chinas. Japan ist nach Indonesien, Madagaskar und Papua-Neuguinea der viertgrößte Inselstaat der Welt.
 

Amtliche Kurzform: Japan
Name in Landessprache: 日本 
Kurzform:
Nippon  
Vollform:
Nippon
Die Japaner nennen ihr Land Nippon: Land der aufgehenden Sonne. Bei den Chinesen hieß es Japuen. Aus dieser Bezeichnung entstand der in Europa gebräuchliche Name Japan.
Name in Englisch: Japan
Ehemaliger Name: 

Staatsangehörige: Japaner, Japanerin
Adjektiv: japanisch

Nationalfeiertag: 23. Dezember
Geburtstag des Kaisers (23.Dezember 1933)

Kennungen/Kürzel

ALPHA-2*: JP
ALPHA-3*: JPN
Numerisch*: 392
FIPS 10-4 (CIA): JA
Autokennzeichen: J
Vorwahl: +81
Olympiakürzel: JPN
Internetkennung: .jp
*nach DIN EN ISO 3166-1
Währungscodes: JPY; 392

Amtssprache(n): Japanisch
Weitere Sprachen:
 

Hauptstadt: Tokio

Unabhängigkeit: seit mind. 660 v. Chr. (Kaiserreich)

Staatsgebiet: 

CIA Background-Info
In 1603, after decades of civil warfare, the Tokugawa shogunate (a military-led, dynastic government) ushered in a long period of relative political stability and isolation from foreign influence. For more than two centuries this policy enabled Japan to enjoy a flowering of its indigenous culture. Japan opened its ports after signing the Treaty of Kanagawa with the US in 1854 and began to intensively modernize and industrialize. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Japan became a regional power that was able to defeat the forces of both China and Russia. It occupied Korea, Formosa (Taiwan), and southern Sakhalin Island. In 1931-32 Japan occupied Manchuria, and in 1937 it launched a full-scale invasion of China. Japan attacked US forces in 1941 - triggering America's entry into World War II - and soon occupied much of East and Southeast Asia. After its defeat in World War II, Japan recovered to become an economic power and a staunch ally of the US. While the emperor retains his throne as a symbol of national unity, elected politicians hold actual decisionmaking power. The economy experienced a major slowdown starting in the 1990s following three decades of unprecedented growth, but Japan still remains a major economic power, both in Asia and globally. In January 2009, Japan assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2009-10 term.

 

Image:Satellite View of Japan 1999.jpg
Satellitenbild von 1999, um 90° gedreht

Nationale Symbole

Zeitzone
UTC +9

Aktuelle Ortszeit


[Click to enlarge]

 

 

Länderinfos

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